HomeOutdoorsParksTop 10 Things to Know About Sequoia National Park: PHOTOS

Top 10 Things to Know About Sequoia National Park: PHOTOS

Ash Mountain Entrance Sign in Autumn, Hand-carved Sequoia Wood, George W. Munro 1935, Sequoia National Park. (Photo by: Ron Reznick/VW Pics/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Did you know Sequoia National Park hosts an extensive cave system? There’s much more to this beloved national park than gigantic trees.

From the colonization and logging-prevention legacy that founded the park, to the indigenous peoples who have called this land home for thousands of years, Sequoia National Park holds some of the most fascinating facts and history in America.

If you’re just beginning your Sequoia adventure, this is a great place to start. Located in California’s southern Sierra Nevada mountains, the national park is actually a partnership of multiple National Park Service (NPS) sites. Here, you’ll find everything from the world’s largest tree, the General Sherman Tree of the Giant Forest, to the underground Crystal Cave and monumental granite dome, Moro Rock. Each holds absolutely fascinating history, which we’ll get into as we break down the Top 10 Things to Know About Sequoia National Park below.

First up, it’s important to explore the story behind Sequoia’s most recognizable manmade structure.

10. The Legacy of Sequoia’s Antique Welcome Sign

1986: Visitors pose with Sequoia’s antique welcome sign. (Photo by Peter Bischoff/Getty Images)

Carved by a Great Depression-era worker, George Muno, Sequoia National Park’s iconic 4-foot by 10-foot sign was made from a slab of a fallen sequoia tree that could be well over 2,000-years-old. But the most distinctive feature of the sign is the troubling depiction of an Indigenous American.

When Muno carved the sign in 1935, his inspiration came from a previous, smaller park sign also featuring a similar stereotype. On the record, both signs were meant to honor Sequoyah: the famous scholar of Cherokee origin and inventor of his language’s alphabet. His legacy, too, is thought to be the namesake for the Sequoia trees, and the national park as a result.

But neither sign’s facial carving looks anything like Sequoyah. Nor the Indigenous Peoples of California where the park resides. Instead, it features a perpetuated stereotype of the “Great Plains American Indian.”

Many ask why the sign continues to welcome visitors upon arriving to the park. As NPS states, “It reminds us of the challenges and benefits, cultures and crafts, people and resources that contribute to who we are as a nation.”

9. Sequoia is a Joint National Park with Multiple Sites

Roaring River cuts through Zumwalt Meadows, Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park, CA. (Photo by Michael Macor/San Francisco Chronicle via Getty Images)

Look up information on NPS’s official Sequoia website, and you’ll notice quickly that the park isn’t a lone entity. In fact, Sequoia National Park is managed jointly with Kings Canyon National Park by the Department of the Interior (DOI). Together, these parks protect a whopping 865,964 acres, 808,078 acres of which are pure wilderness.

Originally, General Grant National Park was established to protect the sequoias of General Grant Grove just one week after Sequoia was created in 1890. 50 years later, in 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created a new national park called Kings Canyon alongside Congress. This new park incorporated the area of General Grant National Park with the incredible canyons and high Sierra, spreading the boundary eastward.

From that time forward, the parks are managed jointly as Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park.

8. Sequoia National Park Houses the Tallest Mountain in the Lower 48 States

View of Mount Whitney, the highest mountain in the contiguous United States and the Eastside of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, with an elevation of 14,500 feet and the Alabama Hills in the foreground in Lone Pine Wednesday, June 22, 2022. (Allen J. Schaben / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

Sequoia’s not just home to gigantic trees, but the tallest mountain in the lower 48, too. With a staggering elevation of 14,494 feet, Mount Whitney is the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States. The peak soars above the eastern border of Sequoia National Park and Inyo National Forest.

Unfortunately, the Great Western Divide (and it’s monumental ridge) blocks visitors from viewing Mt. Whitney from Sequoia’s western roads. To see this towering peak, head to the Interagency Visitor Center on Highway 395. Or, get read for the ultimate adventure and hike Sequoia’s trails leading to Mt. Whitney.

7. Sequoia Trees are Bigger than You Think They Are

A news photographer, left, is dwarfed by a giant sequoia in Lost Grove as smoke haze from the KNP Complex fire fills the air on Friday, Sept. 17, 2021 in Sequoia National Park, CA. (Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

Fascinatingly, the largest tree in the world by volume resides in Sequoia National Park. This may seem less-impressive than being the “world’s tallest tree,” but reserve judgement until you see this wonder for yourself. And that wonder is the General Sherman Tree.

General Sherman stands a staggering 275-feet tall, and he’s over 36-feet wide. It takes a long time to get this big, too. Park officials estimate the General to be at least 2,200-years-old.

The General Sherman giant sequoia (C) is inspected by National Park Service public information officers during a tour of the KNP Complex fire burn area around Giant Forest on September 30, 2021 in Sequoia National Park, California.(Photo by ERIC PAUL ZAMORA/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)

Giant Sequoia trees can live over 3,000 years, too, so the General isn’t going anywhere anytime soon if the park has anything to say about it. As devastating wildfires become more common, NPS is taking every measure possible to protect General Sherman (above) and his fellow sequoias from annihilation. Thankfully, an incredible chemical in their bark, tannin, defends these giant trees against fire, rotting, and insects naturally.

6. Sequoia is the First Park Founded to Protect an Organism

SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES – 2018/09/01: Upward view of giant sequoia trees with a sun flare at Sequoia National Park, California, USA. (Photo by Marji Lang/LightRocket via Getty Images)

After European colonists expanded and discovered giant sequoia trees, a desire to harvest them for wood endangered the entire species. Thankfully, the U.S. Government established Sequoia National Park in 1890 solely to protect the trees from logging. This makes it the very first park created specifically to protect a living organism.

Giant sequoia trees are only found in the western Sierra’s unique environment at 5,000-8,000-ft. This elevation hosts relatively mild winters and also allows for natural wildfires that are, believe it or not, crucial to the species’ survival.

5. Wildfires have Become the Park’s Top Concern

The Windy Fire blazes through the Long Meadow Grove of giant sequoia trees near The Trail of 100 Giants overnight in Sequoia National Forest on September 21, 2021 near California Hot Springs, California. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

Wildfires are a part of nature. And natural, low low-intensity fires are exactly what allow sequoia cones to open and drop their seeds into fresh ash bed to begin the next generation.

Fire management and prescribed burns began in Sequoia National Park in the 1960s. But as climate change and years of drought push wildfires to burn bigger and hotter, many of the worlds largest (and oldest) trees have been killed. A typical giant sequoia will have survived countless wildfires throughout their lifespans. But the modern, drastic increase in fire intensity can now kill them. In fact, a single wildfire – the Castle Fire – destroyed 14% of all the worlds giant sequoias in 2020.

By 2022’s start, that percentage would rise to nearly 20%.

4. Sequoia National Park’s Subterranean Wonderland

Cave exploration is about the experience of squeezing into dark, tight spaces. Photos taken 8/5/03 in Crystal Cave located in Sequoia National Park. (Photo by Anacleto Rapping/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

The marvels of Sequoia and Kings Canyon are just as abundant below the surface. Chiefly, Sequoia’s Crystal Cave, a marble cavern with gorgeous formations, is the one cave visitors can access via a half-mile loop trail.

Crystal Cave’s formations are fragile, so the national park’s guided tour is the only way to see it. But once you do, you’ll be glad you did. If you decide to visit, plan on spending about half a day to travel to the cave and complete the 50-minute tour.

*Please note that due to impacts from the KNP Complex Fire to the road and trail, Crystal Cave is closing for the 2022 season. Sequoia National Park looks forward to welcoming you back in 2023 when repairs finish!

3. Over 800 Miles of Trails Wind Through Sequoia

Overlooking Little Blue Dome and the Great Western Divide. Bearpaw Meadow Trail, High Sierra Camp. 11.5 miles into the Sequoia National Park backcountry. (Photo by Brian Vander Brug/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

Want to see some of California’s finest wonders? Sequoia National Park makes this possible with over 800 miles of trails available to the public. Walk beneath the famous sequoias, traverse sheer cliffs, river canyons and rocky mountain passes, and hike to your heart’s desire throughout the Sierra ecosystem.

Sequoia’s most famous trial is the John Muir Trail. This 221-mile trail stretches all the way from Yosemite Valley to Mount Whitney. Complete the entirety of this hike and you’ll have traveled all of Kings Canyon and Sequoia.

To hike the park, staff recommend July to September, when the weather is sunny and dry. Check out the parks’ guide to some of the other fantastic trails here.

2. This is the Homeland of the Mono (Monache), Yokuts, Tübatulabal, Paiute, Western Shoshone, and More Indigenous Peoples

Paiute Indian group posed in front of adobe house ca. 1909. (Photo by: HUM Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Few landscapes are as unique, or geologically isolated, as the Sierra. This uniqueness is one of many reasons why Indigenous Peoples of America have held these lands in such high esteem.

For thousands of years, Indigenous Americans have “used, tended, occupied, and valued the lands of the high Sierras in many ways,” NPS states. Despite the horrors of colonization, this never ended, either. Indigenous peoples maintain deep connections to the park lands today.

“The displacement and often forced relocation and reorganization of Native peoples have much affected their relationships with lands in the parks, with the National Park Service itself, and with one another,” Sequoia National Park continues. “Nonetheless, these tribes all have numerous descendants living today who continue to steward and tend to the lands now within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.”

1. Sequoia National Park Is America’s Second-Oldest National Park 

John Muir. (Photo by: HUM Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Want to find the second and third oldest U.S. National Parks? Head to California. The state’s Sierra Nevada mountain range contains the oldest NPS sites outside of the world’s first, Yellowstone National Park.

Specifically, Sequoia National Park came to be on September 25, 1890. President Benjamin Harrison signed the park into existence 18 years after Yellowstone. Harrison did so after the works of John Muir (above) inspired the “great expansion” of America’s national parks. This, and many other things, would earn Muir the moniker: “Father of National Parks.”

By 1940, Sequoia would include Kings Canyon National Park, and the rest, as you’ve learned, is history.

For more on our great National Park Service, head to An Outsider’s Quick History of the National Park Service next.